ATLANTA, July 20 (UPI) — Despite the increasing numbers of young U.S. adults with cardiac risk factors, less than 50 percent are screened for coronary heart disease, researchers say.
Dr. Elena V. Kuklina, Paula W. Yoon and Nora L. Keenan of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta say although recommendations for screening young adults without cardiac risk factors differ, all guidelines recommend screening adults with coronary heart disease, or 1 or more coronary heart disease risk factors — family history of early coronary heart disease, smoking, hypertension or obesity.
The researchers calculated their estimates using data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 2,587 young adults — men ages 20-35, women ages 20-45.
The study, published in the July/August issue of the journal Annals of Family Medicine, found about 59 percent of young adults had coronary heart disease, or one or more cardiac risk factors, but the overall screening rate in this population was less than 50 percent.
In addition, after factoring in for sociodemographic and healthcare factors, the study found no significant difference in screening rates between young adults with no risk factors and those with one or more risk factors.
The study also found in 2003 about 60 percent of U.S. adults ages 20-44 had their cholesterol levels checked in the preceding 5 years.
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