Spike in Miscarriages After Sept. 11, 2001

IRVINE, Calif., May 25 (UPI) — The U.S. miscarriage rate increased by 3 percent for males following the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, researchers found.

Tim Bruckner, assistant professor of public health at University of California, Irvine, and Ralph Catalano and Jennifer Ahern, both at University of California, Berkeley, used fetal death data from all 50 states and found the fetal death rate for males spiked in September 2001 and fewer boys than expected were born in December 2001.


The researchers compared the data from January 1996 to December 2002 to calculate the normal range of male fetal losses expected in September.

“The theory of ‘communal bereavement’ holds that societies may react adversely to unsettling national events, despite having no direct connection to persons involved in these events,” Bruckner said in a statement. “Our results appear to demonstrate this, as the shocks of 9/11 may have threatened the lives of male fetuses across the U.S.”

The findings are published in the journal BMC Public Health.

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