Lung Cancer Surgical Techniques Studied

SEOUL, April 6 (UPI) — South Korean scientists have found partial lung removal is favorable over full removal as a treatment for lung cancer in people with sufficient lung function.

Researchers led by Dr. Yong Soo Choi of the Samsung Medical Center compared the outcomes of a sleeve lobectomy, in which only the section of a lung that contains a tumor is removed, and a pneumonectomy, which involves removing an entire lung.

The scientists said their findings indicated patients in the pneumonectomy group had poorer survival than those in the sleeve lobectomy group. They said the study showed a sleeve lobectomy can be performed with low operative risk and might offer superior survival and better postoperative pulmonary function.

“Initially, the sleeve lobectomy was introduced for patients with lung cancer who were unable to tolerate a full pneumonectomy,” Choi said. “The results of our study indicate that a sleeve lobectomy is a safe and effective operation. If anatomically feasible, a sleeve lobectomy is recommended as a favorable alternative to pneumonectomy in patients even with good pulmonary function.”

The research is reported in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

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