Four Kinds of Compulsive Gamblers

BARCELONA, Spain, Oct. 15 (UPI) — Spanish researchers say they identified four kinds of compulsive gamblers, but only oneof the four has a significant concurrent addiction or abuse.

Researchers at Barcelona’s University Hospital of Bellvitge and the Autonomous University of Barcelona say types I and II are pathological gamblers who exhibit problems in controlling their responses, but only type II shows signs of a significant concurrent psycho pathology.


“We need to use different treatments for each sub-group,” researcher Susana Jimenez Murcia of the University Hospital of Bellvitge says in a statement.

The four types of gamblers described in the study, published in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, are:

– Type I: Disorganized and emotionally unstable people characterized by high degrees of impulsiveness and alcohol and substance abuse.

– Type II: A schizoid type with high levels of harm avoidance, social distancing and alcohol abuse.

– Type III: Reward-sensitive, high sensation-seeking and impulsive but without psychopathological alterations.

– Type IV: High functioning, globally-adapted personalities without substance abuse disorders and no psychopathological alterations.

Jimenez Murcia and colleagues studied personality traits and any associated psychopathology of 1,171 study participants.

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