WASHINGTON, May 19 (UPI) — The National Research Council has issued what it calls its most comprehensive study of climate change, urging congressional action on the problem.
The council — the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering — said the three reports issued Wednesday are part of a congressionally requested suite of five studies known as “America’s Climate Choices.”
“These reports show the state of climate change science is strong,” said Ralph Cicerone, president of the National Academy of Sciences. “But the nation also needs the scientific community to expand upon its understanding of why climate change is happening, and focus also on when and where the most severe impacts will occur and what we can do to respond.”
One of the reports says climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for — and in many cases is already affecting — a broad range of human and natural systems. The report calls for a new era of climate change science where an emphasis is placed on “fundamental, use-inspired” research, which not only improves understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change, but also is useful to decision makers acting to limit and adapt to climate change.
The council recommends a single federal entity or program be given the authority and resources to coordinate a national, multidisciplinary research effort aimed at improving both understanding and responses to climate change.
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