MONTREAL, Aug. 31 (UPI) — Canadian teenagers have more freedom than French or Italian peers and their parents are the most tolerant, researchers in Canada, France and Italy say.
A team of researchers at the University of Montreal, the Universite de Rennes in France and the Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Italy, examined how parents created emotional bonds and exert behavioral control with their adolescents. The countries were chosen because they share Latin languages, Roman Catholic history and advanced industrialization.
Teens answered questionnaires on their parents behavior concerning emotional bonding, communication, frequency of conflict, rules, discipline and tolerance of friend-related activities.
“Of all three countries, Italian mothers and fathers are perceived as using the most constraining practices,” first author Michel Claes of the University of Montreal says in a statement.
“Italian parents are seen as more demanding in rules and authorizations. They take more punitive actions when rules are broken and are less tolerant of peer socialization. They uphold family regulations and require their adolescents to ask for authorizations until a much later age.”
The study, published in the Journal of Adolescence, finds Canadian mothers and fathers were seen as less punitive, less coercive and more tolerant than French and Italian mothers.
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