BOSTON, March 2 (UPI) — Education, race, ethnicity, income and age are related to a patients’ willingness to participate in cancer screenings, U.S. researchers found.
Lead author Nancy Kressin, director of the Healthcare Disparities Research Unit and Boston University School of Medicine, and colleagues said prior studies showed screenings are crucial in identifying cancer in its early stages and minorities have lower screening rates for certain types of cancer, such as cervical and colorectal cancer.
The researchers examined patients’ agreeability to engage in cancer screening in the context of varied symptoms and screening settings.
A random sample was conducted using telephone interviews in San Juan, Puerto Rico; Baltimore and New York.
Less-educated individuals with lower incomes received fewer cancer screenings than those with higher levels of each and these rates may lead to disparities in cancer-related mortality. However, racial and ethnic minority status, age and lower income were frequently associated with willingness to receiving a cancer screening.
The study, published in the Journal of the National Medical Association, found people were most willing to participate in a screening when they were examined by their personal doctor and had symptoms of cancer.
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